role of it in disaster risk reduction

This paper is a contribution to the 2019 edition of the Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR 2019). important role in disseminating vital information to the public before, during and after disasters. SRINAGAR: Webinar on “Media for Disaster Risk Reduction” was jointly organised on Wednesday by National Institute of Disaster Management and Institution of Engineers (India) J&K State Centre, Srinagar, today, in collaboration with J&K Information and Public Relations Department, Kashmir Editors Guild, Kashmir Press Club and J&K State Emergency Operation … The collaborative disaster risk governance framework promises better collaboration between governments, the private sector, civil society, academia, and communities at risks. In the urban context, for instance, price fluctuations can lead to food crises in cities like Nairobi. (EMDAT). It aims to reduce socio-economic vulnerabilities to disaster as well as dealing with the environmental and other hazards that trigger them. Interdisciplinarity is obtained with integration of data across relevant disciplines. This complexity must be understood before any meaningful intervention is made, and this is the role of a risk analysis. Notes from ACDRRMO: Materials below is excerpted from the Disaster Risk Reduction Manual (Safer Schools Manual) published by the Department of Education in 2008. This page shows the results of research carried out by Concern showing the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the poorest people in our programme countries. The role of data interoperability in disaster risk reduction: barriers, challenges and regional initiatives. In this blog, Concern’s Dom Hunt introduces us to the concept of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), and more generally, to how climate change is affecting the way Concern has to work. Disaster risk reduction is a systematic approach to identifying, assessing and reducing the risks of disaster. (2009). early warning systems and preparedness planning for improving response to these events when they happen. Hazards are influenced by lots of factors such as policies, population demographics and climate change, and these risks can change through time. As highlighted by the International Council of Science and the Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA-ICSU,​2018)​, digital technology offers profound opportunities for science to discover unsuspected patterns and relationships in nature and society, on scales from the molecular to the cosmic, from local health systems to global sustainability. A disaster risk reduction approach helps us consider our emergency response activities in light of existing and new disaster risks. Nurses and disaster risk reduction, response and recovery. The hazards can be natural or human derived, and include earthquakes, floods, cyclones, droughts, price spikes, conflict and contagious diseases. Modern society is facing an unprecedented revolution. Photo: Steve De Neef / Concern Worldwide. Role of urban design and planning in disaster risk reduction Recent disasters in cities worldwide have highlighted the fragility of built environments to a range of hazards and increased concerns about the resilience of cities, with contemporary discussions considering how physical/protective interventions can be integrated into the built environment. Indeed, both natural hazards and NATECH disasters have devastating impacts on human livelihoods and territorial assets due to the lack of data interoperability, as prevention and preparation actions are precluded by lack of information or stagnant information flows. Registered Charity Number: 20009090, Registered in Ireland, Registered address is 52–55 Lower Camden Street, Dublin 2. DRR always starts with a risk analysis – and the projects that Concern runs under the disaster risk reduction banner are always context specific, and address particular hazards in particular places. We also look at capacity: what the community, government, other institutions, and Concern can or are doing to limit these risks. The media assists in the management of disasters by educating the public about disasters; warning of hazards; gathering and transmitting information about affected areas; alerting The role of ecosystems in disaster risk reduction, Renaud, Sudmeier-Rieux and Estrella (eds), United Nations University Press, 2013, ISBN 978-92-808-1221-3 1 The relevance of ecosystems for disaster risk reduction Fabrice G . These jackstones will eventually turn into an artificial reef which will aid in fish production and help the livelihood of the many local fishermen. stakeholder disaster risk reduction rather than continuing the unsustainable cycle of disaster management. Photo: Dom Hunt / Concern Worldwide. Indigenous knowledge can also be used for early warnings. Without science and technology, and their blending with other disciplines, there can be no world safer from natural disasters. Thanks to science and technology, we already know much about natural hazards and about the ways and means to avoid or reduce many of their effects. Related information Attachments. UNDRR organizes the Global, Regional and National Platforms on Disaster Risk Reduction and facilitates training workshops around the world. Success in significantly reducing disasters is within our reach. Though the Government bears the primary responsibility of . DRR – disaster risk reduction – is the process of protecting the livelihoods and assets of communities and individuals from the impact of hazards. Disaster risk management actions can be categorized into; prospective disaster risk management, corrective disaster risk management and … Phone: +353 1 417 7700, Transforming lives in 23 countries across three continents. Understanding the risk from the community perspective is critically important. The role of data interoperability in disaster risk reduction: barriers, challenges and regional initiatives. Divers trained by Concern Worldwide inspect the jackstones with coral fragments that were just installed. For half the year this area is flooded and for the other half the waters recede allowing the islanders to grow crops on land. We tackle this problem by performing a community-level risk analysis. Reasons for this are multiple: ecosystem … We know, for example, which areas of Kenya are likely to suffer from drought or flash floods – but this doesn’t tell us the site-specific details we need – such as how well the borehole operates in drought years, or exactly when a certain river is likely to flood and to what degree. Migliorini, M. et al. This is a very interesting book that every student, scholar, policymaker, and economist should have in their library as a basis to better … The hazards can be natural or human derived, and include earthquakes, floods, cyclones, droughts, price spikes, conflict and contagious diseases. The 2000s saw a number of declarations, policies, strategies, plans and programmes developed. As the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, UNDRR convenes partners and coordinates activities to create safer, more resilient communities. Having in mind that the number of natural disasters is constantly growing, and it produces more serious consequences for the humans and their material goods, it is essential all the preventive measures to be taken in order to reduce the risk of This article presents insights into potential conceptualizations of knowledge that would advance disaster research and policy. risk assessment and management. and in particular the management and reduction of risk continue to pose a challenge. However, a significant amount of Concern Worldwide’s work is ensuring that these extreme responses aren’t needed in the first place. The Importance of School Based Disaster Risk Reduction The vulnerabilities of Nepal have been exposed by the 2015 earthquake as well as the more recent tragic flooding in different areas of the Tarai region. The recently adopted Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 addresses knowledge-related issues and provides the opportunity to highlight the critical role of knowledge in disaster risk reduction. The role of nature-based solutions in disaster risk reduction: The decision maker's perspectives on urban resilience in São Paulo state Author links open overlay panel Andrea Ferraz Young a José Antonio Marengo a Juliano Oliveira Martins Coelho a Graziela Balda Scofield a Camila Cristina de Oliveira Silva b Carla Correa Prieto a With climate change, however, these indigenous signals derived from generations of observation may be changing; but this uncertainty can also be captured and analysed in a risk analysis, and still used for planning. In the Haor region of Bangladesh seasonal floods can destroy harvests if they happen earlier than expected, when the crops are still in the ground. A community group discuss the results of the vote on impact and frequency of hazards in order to prioritise the most important ones in Tcharow, Chad. Yet, the uptake of ecosystem-based approaches for disaster risk reduction (DRR) is slow despite some very good examples of success stories. The Sendai Framework’s implementation is guided by several principles, and Paragraph 19 directly refers to knowledge: “Disaster risk reduction requires a multi-hazard approach and inclusive risk-informed decision-making based on the open exchange and dissemination of disaggregated data, including by sex, age and disability, as well as on the easily accessible, up-to-date, comprehensible, … Concern Worldwide, a company limited by guarantee, Registered Company Number: 39647, Registered Revenue Number: CHY 5745, It can provide financial protection to insureds, preventing negative economic hardship after a disaster. It is one of the few approaches that can impact all elements of the disaster risk equation - mitigating hazards, reducing exposure, reducing vulnerabilitiesand increasing the resilience of exposed communities. Donate today and help some of the world's poorest people. In theory, insurance has a critical role to play in promoting disaster resilience. This paper is a contribution to the 2019 edition of the Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR 2019). The review of literature reveals that the local government has a significant role to play in implementing disaster risk reduction initiatives. Share this Go back. When you think about humanitarian action, extreme images probably spring to mind: food distributions in famine-stricken areas, or camps of temporary shelters built in the wake of some catastrophic natural disaster, for example. The Role of Ecosystems in Disaster Risk Reduction brings together the world’s experts on how the natural environment has evolved tools to buffer against natural hazards in real, sustainable and cost effective ways. Photo: Phil Moore / Concern Worldwide. As a Disaster Risk Management Specialist for UNDP Lao PDR, I spent 13 months training district and provincial government officials in community based disaster risk reduction. Local people have noticed that they’ll appear higher up the sides of buildings in some years than others – which corresponds to years with higher floods. Here are some examples: Indigenous perspectives and knowledge are doubtlessly important shapers of the way we work, and ultimately, the people who live in risk should have the last word on how risk is addressed and reduced. Hence, building the capacity of OH professionals in disaster risk reduction approaches and principles so they can undertake a more effective role in disaster and emergency situations is important. Despite the fact that people are not aware of Disaster Risk Reduction, the findings have established that Indigenous Knowledge plays a major role in Disaster Risk Reduction. DRR limits the negative impacts of these events by working to reduce their size, strength or how often they occur, and building the capacity of the people exposed to these hazards to anticipate, survive, and recover from them. However, a barrier to the realization and exploitation of this potential arises from incompatible data standards and the nomenclatures used in different disciplines. Concern's objectives, activities and achievements in 2019 can be found in our new annual report. We also analyse vulnerability: who is most impacted by hazards and what the reasons are for the differing impacts on different people. The examples provided in this study can be used to demonstrate the benefits of Indigenous Knowledge in Disaster Risk Reduction to communities. is the global roadmap for reducing human and economic loss as a direct result of disasters. Nepal is regarded as one of the countries most vulnerable to disasters and over the years, it has been the victim of various disasters ranging from small to massive natural disasters. For example, I was told of a type of snail in Montería, Colombia, that tends to congregate in groups on the side of houses prior to the onset of the flood season. Sign up to find out more about the transformative work we do in 24 of the world's poorest countries. As DRR efforts involve many stakeholders and require time and reliable information, there is a direct link between risk reduction and data interoperability. This brief gives the reader an introduction to Concern's Graduation programme in Malawi. In most countries where we work, we can’t expect any greater depth of analysis other than on a broad national, or sometimes regional, level. Different communities deal with risk in different ways, and are exposed to different hazards in different ways. When there is a lack of data interoperability, it becomes a “critical issue” and is no longer an “unexploited potential”. We provide tools such as the DRR Community site PreventionWeb, publications on good practices, and the Global Assessment Report (GAR), United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, Office for North East Asia and Global Education and Training Institute, International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction, Global assessment report on disaster risk reduction 2019, Special Issue: When data helps policy to address systemic risk, Policy brief: Disaster loss data in monitoring the implementation of the Sendai Framework, UN launches effort to collect data on disaster losses, Socioeconomic and data challenges: Disaster risk reduction in Europe, United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs and China National Space Administration sign agreement to share satellite data for disaster risk reduction, An open data law for climate resilience and disaster risk reduction. The increasing unpredictability of the natural world, as a result of climate change, environmental degradation and so on, does not render indigenous knowledge redundant, but it does place an extra responsibility on us to ensure that additional information is brought into the community, boosting their awareness of some hazards that may not have happened in living memory or increasing the understanding of complicated issues like climate change. infrastructure designed to reduce risk (like retaining walls, check dams, embankments and terraces), natural resource management (for example, reforestation), agricultural interventions (introducing crop varieties), behaviour change (e.g., peace-building processes and addressing some of the inequalities that make some people more vulnerable than others). 2 The International Disaster Database. Although the problem has been addressed by several initiatives, the following challenge still remains: to make online data integration a routine. According to the United Nations, a disaster is an event that seriously disrupts the functioning of a community or society and causes widespread human, material, or environmental … Two boats travel across the Haor flood plains of North East Bangladesh. Hazard and risk information may be used to inform a broad range of activities to reduce risk, from improving building codes and designing risk reduction measures (such as flood and storm surge protection), to carrying out macro-level assessments of the risks to different types of buildings (for prioritizing investment in reconstruction and retrofitting, for example). It has created the potential for disciplines of science to synergize into a holistic understanding of the complex challenges currently confronting humanity; the Sustainable Development Goals are a direct reflection of this. This enables us to design or adjust our activities so that people and communities become safer and more disaster-resilient, as well as safeguarding efforts to create and expand enabling conditions for sustainable poverty alleviation and development. The HFA2 must note that culture has a role in shaping people’s perceptions of risk, which can determine whether they will act to reduce their exposure and sensitivity or even in response to a disaster. The role of data interoperability in disaster risk reduction: Barriers, challenges and regional initiatives. It can speed rebuilding and recovery by providing post-disaster funding and liquidity soon after the event. The onset of seasonal floods is increasingly unpredictable, so one solution is to introduce fast maturing rice, which will come to maturity before the point when there is a risk of flooding – then our inability to accurately predict a flood matters less. To cite this paper: Migliorini, M. et al. SRINAGAR: Webinar on “Media for Disaster Risk Reduction” was jointly organised by National Institute of Disaster Management and Institution of Engineers (India) J&K State Centre, Srinagar, today, in collaboration with J&K Information and Public Relations Department, Kashmir Editors Guild, Kashmir Press Club and J&K State Emergency Operation Centre, Srinagar. Here, we look into hazard dynamics at the community level, starting with an identification of all hazards that may happen, and then understanding them in greater detail. Disaster Risk Management is the application of disaster risk reduction policies and strategies, to prevent new disaster risks, reduce existing disaster risks, and manage residual risks, contributing to the strengthening of resilience and reduction of losses. Disasters come in all shapes and sizes, and so the tools we use to reduce risk are just as varied. The humanitarian and Disaster Risk Reduction field is, however, beginning to open up to considerations of religion for example, academics are starting to contemplate the role of Christian churches in African development, and liberation theology is attracting some attention. Contributing Paper to GAR 2019. DRR – disaster risk reduction – is the process of protecting the livelihoods and assets of communities and individuals from the impact of hazards. Natural Disasters … THE ROLE OF ECOSYSTEMS IN DISASTER RISK REDUCTION, BY: FABRICE G. RENAUD, KAREN SUDMEIER-RIEUX AND MARISOL ESTRELLA, UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSITY PRESS, SHIBUYA-KU, TOKYO, 2013, 486 PAGES, ISBN 978-92-808-1221-3, PRICE: US $40.00. disaster risk reduction and the data and information has been gathered from research papers on electronic databases along with conference proceedings and reports published by various institutions. This report explores the factors influencing the barriers to data interoperability, big data as a complex resource, the role of data in the Sendai monitoring process, and Data E-STAG, a European initiative to enhance data interoperability for disaster risk reduction. Find out more about this, and our other work, by following us on Instagram. Disasters have a devasting effect on individuals, populations and economies, and they significantly impede progress towards sustainable development. View document. Contributing Paper to GAR 2019. In Zambia, farmers have noticed that the times that certain trees flower, or when certain birds migrate, also gives them advanced warning of season change and whether the year will be a ‘good’ or a ‘bad’ one. These may serve as primary reference in the formation and identification of the various roles and functions of the city, division and school-level Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Committees. Photo: Gideon Mendel / Concern Worldwide. An estimated one billion people around the world live in urban slums, Many are going hungry due to coronavirus restrictions, We need your help to support families through the unfolding hunger pandemic. STATE TIMES NEWS. Armed with better information communities will still be in the position to make informed decisions, and help to guide our work in reducing disaster risk. This page outlines the design and results of the Safe Learning Model pilot research in Sierra Leone from 2017 - 2021 undertaken in partnership with University College Dublin- School of Education. Yet very little real implementation of the above is evident on the African continent, despite a number of inter-regional and high-level discussions and forms of collaboration. DRR doesn’t focus on just natural disasters. It is one of the few approaches that can impact all elements of the disaster risk equation – mitigating hazards, reducing exposure, reducing vulnerabilities and … Here it has been strongly influenced by the mass of research on vulnerability that has appeared in print since the mid-1970s as well as the mapping of … disaster risk reduction and increased disaster response capacities, disasters . Disaster risk reduction: Why do we need accurate disaster mortality data to strengthen policy and practice? In a nation where 80 per cent of the population is dependent on subsistence agriculture for survival, natural disasters cause loss of lives, income and communal assets, and destroy livelihoods. Disaster risk reduction involves minimising the impact of natural hazards such as earthquakes, landslides and floods on disaster-prone communities by doing everything possible before disaster occurs to protect lives, limit damages and strengthen their capacity to bounce back quickly from adversity. 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